The Story of the Children affected by the LRA/UPDF War in Northern Uganda
Vulnerable Victims And Survivors In Northern Uganda
This brutal war that saw more than two million people displaced from their homes. They were forcefully herded into more than 200 Internally Displaced Peoples Camps (IDPs) across the region and accusations of widespread human rights violations, including the abduction of over 24,000 children, for forced combat and hostilities. Even as of today. half of these abducted children are not accounted for. They were forced into unthinkable crimes for a child’s mind, including murder, sometimes being forced to murder their own parents or friends, or forced to watch the murder and then to pick up chopped pieces of their parents’ bodies for burial, mutilations, child-sex slavery, rape, sodomy, looting, defecating in dry food rations and water pots, etc. The atrocities have resulted in the tragic impoverishment of an entire generation.
Is Acholi society dying?
It is difficult to find anyone in northern Uganda’s Acholi sub-region who has not been affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency.
Besides the gross violations of human rights, the conflict in Northern Uganda has damaged the fabric of Acholi society. With children and youths the main target of LRA abductions, the memories of rebel atrocities will take generations to fade away.
“The war has a lot of effects; we have lost a whole generation, which is dangerous for the nation. People are dangerously illiterate. The kinds of children growing up today have a very limited idea of how decent people should live.” Charles Umar told IRIN.
Currently, Acholiland, which was the epicenter of the LRA – UPDF rebellion for over two decades is dealing with multiple post-conflict challenges.
War’s most vulnerable victims
While Uganda has now achieved a state of relative peace, and the LRA has moved away from the northern Ugandan region, the effects of these volatile times still remain evident in the war’s most vulnerable victims: the children and their children.
Major social casualties
The lack of education and proper health care for Northern Uganda’s children are rooted in the war and conflict that had raged between the government and the rebel armies for decades.
Numbers do not lie
Since the fighting stopped in 2006, relative security has returned to the region and 90% of the population has returned to their villages or transit sites.
Education not for all?
Although Uganda has Universal Primary and Secondary Education (i.e. it is supposed to be free) in practice, there are often hidden costs such as books and uniforms and PTA (Parents Teachers Associations) contributions, that prevent children from attending school.
Family poverty and early marriage or household duties require many children to drop out of school because they’re needed at home. Although enrollment numbers are over 90%, only 43% of boys and 27% of girls actually complete Primary school.
- Recent research underscores how grave the situation is in Northern Uganda on children and their education One-third of all children above 10 years old have lost a parent and 9 percent of returnee (the people/children who have left the IPD camps and gone back to their villages) children in the villages are orphans
- Illiteracy is very high, particularly among women (84 percent). Only 9 percent of men and 1 percent of women have completed secondary school.
- 3.16.3% of school children in northern Uganda do not get midday meal because schools are distant from home.
- Most returnee children have very few possessions if any, and no longer have animals or easy access to their ancestral land.
- Youth idleness and unemployment are big problems. Crime rates are extraordinarily high in the villages/towns.
The statistics of admission, attendance and completion declines with each higher secondary and University level attained.
Gray-haired men and women are a living society’s library. They are a rarity in our present community because of the past LRA/UPDF wars.
Weeping for their children.
Leadership, culture, and education are victims of this war. The children’s mindset and exposure is not equal to their age mates elsewhere in the country. Yet, they must prepare for the same national educational examinations and face the same panelist for the same Job interviews, face the same market for the same products and services in life, irrespective of their past disadvantaged backgrounds, which has adversely affected their purchasing power, mercilessly.
Rehabilitating an escapee
Investing in youth must be a priority
The importance of investing in Uganda’s greatest asset, the energy, and creativity of its children and youth, is a natural resource that must be optimally harnessed.
Children are the future
Investing in all children’s education, health, and well-being and protecting them from harm and exploitation, contribute to sustainable regional and national development.
One of the most crucial but under-served sectors of the population in Northern Uganda is its’ youth.
Economic disparity (and/or marginalization), underdevelopment and poverty
Entire generations of young people in the Northern Provinces have known nothing but war. They have, by default, lost out on education, employment, the enjoyment of political freedoms and social and cultural rights, and, by implication, the ability to become the policy leaders and sharpeners of the future, securing a hitherto hardworking and productive people to a plight of underdevelopment and abject poverty.
Young people returning from the camps and in the villages are restless and idle and thus susceptible to violence and other destructive behaviors.
In response, youth organizations and networks, as well as the newly established Gulu University, are playing, or could potentially play an increasingly important leadership role. Although their institutional capacity is generally weak, they provide a critical role in the development of young leaders, alternative learning, and participation in public and social life.
What we have planned to do
We will identify 2000 of the poorest and most marginalized children (orphans, those living with HIV, child-headed households, returnees, etc) from households for appropriate educational scholarships, information technologies and entrepreneurial training for a five-year outreach.
The educational sponsorship will cover primary, secondary, higher secondary and university or colleges.
We’ll secure both local and international support/partners to support people in those families to earn a decent income so that they can, in the future, be able to send their children to school. This involves giving training and grants to the parents, siblings (and in some cases the children themselves) to set up their own income generating enterprises. Examples include market stalls, bee-keeping, tailoring, welding and fabrication, building and construction skills, livestock and agriculture production etc.
Modern Secondary school in Northern Uganda ready for students!
We shall encourage and empower the youth to appreciate their culture and make a positive translation of their history through education, music, dance and drama as a healing and restorative medium.
“It takes time to encounter and listen to the narratives and perspectives of the war victims of Acholi region”
The story of a victim of sexual violence
‘In February 1997, Larem, then 22-years old, was abducted along with three other women. As is the fate of most abducted women, they were bound to be forcefully given to rebel soldiers as their wives. “If a rebel chooses you, however old he is, you could not say no or show any sign of resistance whenever he wanted to have sex with you or else you would be tortured seriously or even killed,” Larem says.
On their journey, more women were abducted. At one point a pregnant woman that was in the group attempts to escape but she was captured by the rebels afterward. Then the rebels asked: “Do you know where this girl is coming from?” The women answered that she was from Odek. Then the rebels replied: “She tried to escape and now we have brought her to you so that you can kill her.”
As much as the women did not want to kill the woman, the fear that they were feeling, and the certainty of what would happen to them if they did not follow the rebels’ orders, forced them to do something they would never have imagined they would do.
“We were very scared to kill our friend but we had to obey or else we would die. So one girl got up and hit this pregnant girl with a stick slowly and immediately a rebel cut her with a panga to death. On seeing this, we got our pangas and hoes and cut her to death because the rebels were already annoyed with us.”
After this horrible event, they continued walking when the NRA bombed the rebels. After being injured on her leg, Larem found an opportunity to escape. After traveling a short distance, she surrendered to government soldiers. And after four days of searching for her parents, she got back home.
After these events in 1999, Larem was abducted again. She and her three sisters were hiding in the bush when the rebels found them. Her two younger sisters were left behind and her older sister managed to escape. She was abducted that night along with other people from Odek and Awere. According to Larem. “All the women were given as wives to the rebels who kept having sex with us whenever they liked.” After some time, she fell pregnant with the child of the man to whom she was given as a wife.
One day, when walking with the rebels towards Ongany in Pader district, they passed through a home where two men and two pregnant women were seated outside. When the men saw the rebels they ran and left the women there. The rebels asked the women why the men ran then immediately shot them. During those days, government soldiers were following the rebels very closely. One evening, Larem hid in the bush and the next morning she went to a house of an old man, The old man helped look for her parents and took her to them, after convincing them that she was not a rebel.
Years later, Larem is still struggling to survive. Her education was interrupted by these abductions and her father was not able to take her to school after she gave birth. She gave birth to a child during captivity. She is now married and has three more children but her husband only supports and cares for his own children. Paying school fees and providing all the needs of her child is very difficult. She requests the government and NGOs to help her in order to secure the future of her child born in captivity.(Interview with a 39-year-old woman, 20 January 2014.)
Ronnie Obwoya, 23, Gulu, Uganda
“I cry not because I am defeated in life, no no! I cry with joy because I am alive. I have hope of a better life if I complete my University then my dream will come true. I want to become a 3D/ Animator specialist and entrepreneur, and use my knowledge and skills to benefit my affected society.”
The reality set forth in this posting /appeal provides concrete opportunities for donors and well-wishers to offer support to thousands of children and youths in Northern Uganda and to set them on the road to a productive life.
The minimum reality shared here and much on the ground overwhelms the heart and supports documented evidence that government, donors, and well-wishers will be able to use to respond positively towards the cause that the Carol Jamieson Scholarship Fund and associates have embarked to address.
Even modest funding now will help provide critical services to those most in need and give young people access to educational scholarships, information technologies, and entrepreneurial programs.
THESE CHILDREN, THEIR FUTURE IS WHAT WE GIVE THEM TODAY
Lakidi Alvin Akena, is an above average intelligent crèche class pupil at SOS Kindergarten School, Entebbe. At three years next January 2016, he is now promoted to middle class. Friendly, inquisitive and ever with leading questions, which attract relevant answers upon request. He also enjoys music, rebuilding models and playing the piano. Lakidi’s environment is “A loving home for every child”, extremely empowering and stimulating to the infant children. The classrooms and playing areas are spacious and tidy with appropriate learning and playing aids. The teachers and caregivers are all a part of the healthy Kindergarten. Yesterday, Nov. 26, 2015, the top class graduated. What a colorful presentation it was! All the classes had a piece or two to present individually or collectively!
To prove that the children and staff of SOS is a family and well groomed to effectively interface with the world, they all got involved in a cross-generational story, “The Sound of Music” presentation. The presentation was based on “The Sound Of Music” by Howard Lindsay and Russell Crouse, released in April of 1965 (USA). They did it justice, sang the “The Sound Of Music” and delivered it to the well attended, excited and satisfied audience! “These Children, Their Future Is What We Give Them Today”. This presentation experience endeared the parents and visitors to the school, justifying why every child should graduate at SOS Kindergarten or schools of similar empowerment, exposures, and commitments. The top class graduates did finish their three preparatory years. They are now ready for a seven-year primary education that precedes four years of ordinary secondary then two years of advanced level secondary schooling that when passed, ushers one to between four to seven years of University studies. At the climax, they were presented with their completion certificates as they finally bid the school and audience “So Long, Farewell” and “Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year” sweet and memorable songs!
This Early Child Development Centre (ECD) equips the children of this world and the future with appropriate foundational knowledge and skills to help self and humanity advance. This foundational welfare determines every child’s future. However, thousands of their age-mates in the countryside, even next door, do not have the privilege of starting, sustaining and completing nursery education, nevermind joining and completing higher stages. Others skip it to start primary school because of “dodging” expenses, age or parental fatigue, burdens, poverty or ignorance resulting from illiteracy.
The ‘invisible children’ of the post-LRA/NRA/UPDF war, though vulnerable victims and survivors, deserve basic rights to access and complete their education at all levels like any other children across Uganda and the world.
If these unfortunate and psychologically damaged children are not given hope, or the opportunity to discover their talents and what they are capable of, their past will pummel them into a future of chaos and destruction. Uganda’s society is the looser in such a situation. Most of them exhibit an eager desire to rejoin society. They have the daunting task of learning again how to trust others and love themselves. It can be done. It MUST be done!
With the New school calendar starting on February 23, 2016
Carol Jamieson and other passionate well-wishers for these children of Uganda have resolved by faith and action, to talk to every heart near and far, using all communication mediums accessible, to create awareness and raise educational sponsorship and funding for these ‘children who are now without hope’. This opportunity will kick-start a kid’s chance for a complete education. Education is their hope and the only hope to rebuild a strong and productive society in our war-stricken land in Northern Uganda.
Adong Nighty, 30 yrs old, an LRA War victim from the Acholi region
“Nighty Adong, 30, is a mother of seven from Pamuja Parish in Amuru District (Uganda) and was in (LRA) captivity for over 3 years”. Adong said that the majority of ex-combatants and victims suffer from mental illness with physical and physiological trauma and war memories of atrocities committed, which has remained untreated. Relationships break down because they are blamed for acting within the ranks of the LRA”.
Why do they lack?
The majority lack because those who have did not plan, they did not share, and they did not give. This problem becomes endemic.
The realities set forth in this posting and appeal stirs urgency to action and opportunity for donors and well-wishers to offer support to thousands of children and youths in Northern Uganda and to set them on the road to a productive life.
Dear friends, parents, and well-wishers, you can help change a child’s life by contributing US $ 20 or more, per month. We envisage 100 pupils/students confirmed sponsorship by the start of the new academic calendar year Feb, 15, 2016.
US $ 260 per pupil/student will provide school fees, uniforms, exercise books, pencils/pens, bag, swimming, shuttle and porridge/meals across all class levels per term, with three terms per one school year.
The School Year
While Universities have two semesters on average of five months each per year, most Universities have admissions/commencement of their programs in July/August. Others have two separate admissions per year. Government and private Universities operate independently and have separate admissions time frames. The specifics would be different.
In our case, we would look at an average budgetary provision of US $ 260 per child/student times three terms per year, TOTALING US $ 780 per student year. This breaks down to a monthly amount of $65.00 per student.
US $ 26,000 before February 15, 2016 , for 100 pupils, for the first term (semester). The second and third terms, projected to consider an increment of twenty-five students respectively. This will enable the program to sponsor two hundred students plus at the beginning of the second year, 2017.
Together, if we care, we can create hope…..
The world, together, can create a new generation of hope, faith, and grace to live, overcome and resolve peacefully all emerging contradictions in their lifetime, without fear or favor.
These children and youths, when grown up, will provide their world with purpose and peace for the next inheritors of this world.
It is because; together we cared, planned and gave at the time needed.
Poem by Charles Oscar Akena, an Acholi in Uganda and co-founder of this fundraiser.
Every child needs friends and an empowered environment to learn from. Will you sponsor one child and help us water this seed with hope?
These “Toto’s” today are youths and adults and national and world leaders of tomorrow.
“Ambassador Olara Otunnu concerns on Acholiland, schools and education
in the post – LRA/UPDF war challenges:
‘Besides land, I spoke about the collapse of public schools and
education in Acoliland. Some of Uganda’s best gifts to the world in
all fields have come from “this land, this culture, and this
civilization”. I recalled Janani Luwum, Okot p’Bitek, David Otii,
Semei Nyanzi, Alexander Latim, A. M. Odonga, Fr Anthony Okello,
Tiberio Okeny and others. These were the product of a tradition of
quality and affordable education. Where are the schools and
institutions that should nurture the successors to these luminaries?’
A classroom in Northern Uganda in need of restoration
Renewed Hope for post Child-Soldiers in Uganda
In them and in CAROL JAMIESON EDUCATIONAL SPONSORSHIP FUND, let us consciously and collectively nurture them to becoming competent world managers and peaceful inhabitants for another generation to emulate and advance.
Today, Northern Uganda enjoys relative peace, the return of peace in the region is not a construct; there are no more rebel activities, that is, if we take peace to mean absence of armed violence, however, the presence of structural violence in terms of poverty, poor infrastructure, and worsened by post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and physical disabilities still remain a problem. This violates the definition of peace, as many young people (directly affected by war) are not at peace with themselves or their communities, stemming from the fact that children in the region have grown up in a gloom of war, lived in extreme fear and with disfigurement left on people by armed conflict.
The armed conflict in Northern Uganda devastated all spheres of human life. The effects are heavily felt by children as they were the primary target for recruit into rebel activities, as child soldiers. The experience of warfare subjected a big number of children to witnessing and facing unimaginable acts of human rights violation, both directly and indirectly. Though efforts of rehabilitation were tailored towards comprehensive reintegration meant to normalize the life of these children, the physical and mental effects still prevail long after the armed war.
It, therefore, calls for continuous effort from various communities and stakeholders to continue supporting the survivors of LRA war, in various aspects.
Looking to the future, the proposed Carol Jamieson Scholarship Fund will create a venue for donors to continue their support over the long term to reverse the spoils of the two decades of armed war (1986 – 2006) and consequential inequalities.
By helping vulnerable victims and survivor youths, children born in captivity and child-headed families etc., we resolve the lack of education and skills acquisition and allow them to learn to help themselves and to take pride in themselves by giving back to their society.
The investment will serve current and future generations of Northern Ugandans as they rebuild their war-ravaged communities and seek to provide a better life for their own and hopeful generations to come.
We invite you to join us and contribute toward the realization of this educational scholarship fund, for the HOPE of the post – LRA / UPDF war vulnerable children, the victims and survivors of Northern Uganda.
Charles Oscar Akena
CAROL JAMIESON SCHOLARSHIP FUND
P. O Box 241
Please see the videos posted below for a detailed and personable education on the devastating 20-year war that has taken an unimaginable toll on the present generation and on a generation of unplanned for and uncared for children. Many of these children were born in captivity. There are so many children who are orphans. They deserve to live in an environment that can offer them dignity and pride in who they are and who they represent. They the Acholi people. They are a courageous and strong people. Even though they live in a post – war era and bear the scars of war, they can overcome and do great things.
They need people who care. If everybody cares, even if just someone cares, we can heal these people and give them an opportunity to be prosperous and to give of their unique talents to a world that needs them.
Please watch the documentary posted below. It is called WAR DANCE. It will surely touch your heart.
WAR DANCE – The true stories of three abducted children narrate their experiences as they re-engage in a post-war life after traumatic experiences during wartime. A heartbreaking story that is brimming with hope and healing, the dawn of a new era!
DOCUMENTARY – CINDERELLA CHILDREN
The following video is a first-hand account of the direct effects on society and the damage that living in a civil war environment imposes on the people & the children. It is the account of a young man, Ishmael Beah, who spent two years in the Bush of Sierra Leone as a child soldier and what it took for him to recover. It is very informative and entertaining.
Ishmael Beah – child soldier
More educational articles from Uganda Headlines:
Dedicated to the post-war children of Uganda
They experienced it
They survived healing
They are still here
God still cares
They are a miracle of this age
On their heart & knees
They knock at your heart’s door!
Praying in unison
Is ours all
They hurt when you hurt
They cry when you cry
They lack when you lack
They love when you love
They’re at peace when you’re at peace
Now sow hope
Tomorrow reap hope
Reap sustainable development
Reap equitable wealth creation
Harvest love and care
Bless your future
Children are our present future
Give to them
They will give back
On their knees
Charles Oscar Akena – 1/7/2016
The Acholi Tradition is rich with music and dance. Learning their traditions through education will be an important healing tool for these post-war children.
THANK YOU FOR CARING!
WE ARE EACH OTHERS KEEPER
Together We Can
Transform these lives
When you withhold that dollar
You kill Hope
When you donate that dollar
You save life
You transform life
Life is empowered
We are each other’s keeper
by Charles Oscar Akena
To sponsor a child or for a monthly or one-time donation use link below
visit our fundraiser sites below
THANK YOU FOR CARING!